Author Guidelines for WJASR


The World Journal of Applied Science and Research (WJASR) a journal covered all aspects of Science and allied field of research. It publishes original communications of research that advances or illuminates advance research in various field of research activity. It is issued four volumes per year.

Manuscripts dealing with all aspects of Science and allied field of research aspects will be considered for publication, provided they contain results of original investigations. Articles need to be of general interest – e.g., they cross the boundaries of specialties or are of sufficient novelty and importance that the journal’s readers. Research papers reporting original research, review articles, correspondence on published articles will also be considered.

The WJASR strongly discourages duplication/reduplication of data already published in other journals (even when certain cosmetic changes/additions are made). If and when duplication is detected after publishing in WJASR, the journal will be forced to ‘retract’ such articles. All papers submitted to WJASR are subject to peer review process. All accepted papers will be suitably edited before publication.


  • All manuscripts submitted for publication to the IJMT should include the following:

1. COVERING LETTER- A covering letter which could explain why the paper should be published in the IJMT rather than a specialist journal. One of the authors could be identified as the corresponding author of the paper, who would be responsible for the contents of the paper as also answer.

2. MANUSCRIPT- Manuscripts can be submitted by e-mail and also in a CD in MS Word (in addition to the hard copies). Typescripts in triplicate should be sent to the Editor, International Journal of Music Therapy, Indian Association of Music Therapy (IJMT), 21, Suruchi Puram, Agra(India).
Authors are advised to see a recent issue of the journal to get familiar with the format adopted on various elements of a paper.
Manuscripts should be presented in as concise a form as possible, typewritten in double space on one side of a A4 size paper. Pages should be numbered and the contents arranged in the following order:- Title; Name(s) of the author(s); Department(s) and Institution(s); Abstract; Key words; Introduction; Material & Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgement; and References. Abstract, Tables and legends for Figures should be typed on separate sheets and not in continuation of the main text.
In manuscripts submitted by e-mail the text should be typed in MS-Word and Figures/Photographs in JPEG or GIF format.

Title-Title of the article should be short, continuous, sufficiently descriptive and informative so as to be useful in indexing and information retrieval.

Abstract-All manuscripts should have a abstract of about 250-300 words with subheadings of background & objectives, methods, results ,interpretation and conclusions. Abstract should be brief and indicate the scope and significant results of the paper. It should only highlight the principal findings and conclusions so that it can be used by abstracting services without modification.

Key words-A set of suitable key words arranged alphabetically may be provided.

Introduction-Introduction should be brief and state precisely the scope of the paper. Review of the literature should be restricted to reasons for undertaking the present study and provide only the most essential background.

Material & Methods-The nomenclature, the source of material and equipment used should be clearly mentioned. New methods may be described in sufficient detail and indicating their limitations. Established methods can be just mentioned with authentic references and significant deviations, if any given, with reasons for adopting them. While reporting experiments on human subjects and animals, it should be clearly mentioned that procedures followed are in accordance with the ethical standards laid down by the national bodies or organizations of the particular country.

Experimental subject-For research carried out in India on human subjects, the ICMR’s Ethical guidelines for biomedical research on human subjects (2000) should be adhered to and for experiments on laboratory animals the guidelines of the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) should be followed. Adequate information should be provided on the care and use of laboratory animals, source of animals, strain, age, sex, housing and nutrition etc. Whenever needed, appropriate certification should be provided at the time of submission of the manuscripts. The drugs and chemicals used should be precisely identified, including generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s) of administration.

Statistical analysis-The statistical analysis done and statistical significance of the findings should be mentioned. Give the details statistical method when a new or uncommon methods are used for statistical analysis of data. Standard and routine statistical methods employed need to give only authentic references.

Results-Only those data which are essential for understanding the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included. The data should be arranged in unified sequence so that the report develops clearly and logically. Data presented in tables and figures should not be repeated in the text or graphs. Only important observations need to be emphasized or summarized. Interpretation of the data should be taken up only under the Discussion and not under Results.

Discussion- Interpretation of the results discussed in this part. It should relate new findings to the known ones and include logical deductions. It should also mention any weaknesses of the study.The conclusions can be linked with the goals of the study but unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data should be avoided. Claiming of priority on work that is ongoing should also be avoided.

Acknowledgment- Acknowledgment should be brief and made for specific scientific/technical assistance and financial support only.

References- The total number of References should normally be restricted to a maximum of 30. References to literature cited should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the manuscript. In the text they should be indicated above the line (superior). As far as possible mentioning names of author(s) under references should be avoided in text. References in the text appear like [1, 2 ...], using square brace. References should be numbered consecutively in text.

  • Journal Articles:

• Ouyang, D., J. Bartholic and J. Selegean, Assessing Sediment Loading from Agricultural Croplands in the Great Lakes     Basin. J of Amer Scie. 2005; 1(2): 14-21.
• Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
• Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid    concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
Organization as author
• Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose    tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
Both personal authors and an organization as author
• Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men    suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
No author given
• 21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
Article not in English
• Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Article published electronically ahead of the print version
• Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov     15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

  • Books and Other Monographs

Personal author(s)
• Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002. Editor(s),    compiler(s) as author
• Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Author(s) and editor(s)
• Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes    Education Services; 2001.
Organization(s) as author
• Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and    practice development, 1999-2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University; 2001.
Chapter in a book
• Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors.    The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Conference proceedings
• Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001    Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Conference paper
• Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA,    Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European    Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
Scientific or technical report
Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:
• Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on    vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research    Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
Issued by performing agency:
• Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus.    Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report    No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.
• Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI):    Central Michigan University; 2002.
• Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning    tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.

  • Other Published Material

Newspaper article
• Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug    12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).
Audiovisual material
• Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing    Medical Education; 2002.
Legal Material
Public law:
• Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9, 115 Stat. 11 (May 24, 2001).
Unenacted bill:
• Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).
• Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers. Biodiversity hotspots [map]. Washington: Conservation International; 2000.
Dictionary and similar references
• Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675.

  • Unpublished Material

In press
• Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    In press 2002.

  • Electronic Material

• Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams &    Wilkins; 2002.
Journal article on the Internet
• Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:
Monograph on the Internet
• Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:
Homepage/Web site
• [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:
Part of a homepage/Web site
• American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from:
Database on the Internet
Open database:
• Who's Certified [database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 - [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from:
Closed database:
• Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congential Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). c1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from:
Part of a database on the Internet
• MeSH Browser [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 - [cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis; unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from: Files updated weekly.

Tables should be typed separately and numbered consecutively with Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc). They should bear brief title and column headings should also be short. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the headings. Statistical measurement variations such as SD and SE should be identified.

Three sets of illustrations (one set original and two copies) should be submitted, either as hard copies or electronically as TIFF file, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Line drawings should be made on good quality tracing paper. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear in the figures and of sufficient size, so they can print without loss in clarity. Titles and explanation of symbols in the legends for illustrations, should be typed on separate pages.
Photographs should be unmounted and numbered consecutively. The title of the paper and authors name(s) should be pencilled on the back of the photographs. The pictures should be good quality prints on glossy paper. All the illustrations must be protected by thick card board packing against damages during transit.
All published material should be acknowledged and copyright material should be submitted along with the written permission of the copyright holder.

Enzyme Nomenclature For enzymes, only the trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. At its first citation in the text of the paper its code number and systematic name should be indicated.

Only standard abbreviations are to be used. Scientific Style and Format: The abbreviations should conform to the International System of Units (SI), The SI for the Health Professions (World Health Organization, Geneva) 1977. The title of the article should not contain abbreviations. The full term for which the abbreviation stands should be given after its first use in the text unless it is a standard units of measurement. The abbreviations should be used in the text, tables and illustrations without a full stop.

AUTHORS’ CONTRIBUTIONS- All authors are encouraged to specify their individual contributions at the bottom of the title page or on a separate page. The IJMT will not publish an item unless it has the signatures of all the authors.

UNDERTAKING BY AUTHOR(S)-It is necessary that all the authors give an undertaking (in the format specified by the journal) indicating their consent to be co-authors in the sequence indicated on the title page. Each author should give his or her names as well as the address and appointment current at the time the work was done, plus a current address for correspondence including telephone and fax numbers and email address. A senior author may sign the Undertaking by Authors for a junior author who has left the institution and whose whereabouts are not known and take the responsibility.

COPYRIGHT TRANSFER AGREEMENT-Author(s) will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright agreement, which recognizes the common interest that both journal and author(s) have in the protection of copyright. It will also allow us to tackle copyright infringements ourselves without having to go back to authors each time.

PROOFS AND REPRINTS-Proofs of accepted articles will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF file. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF. This software can be downloaded from the website: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out for any corrections to be added. To avoid delay in publication, corrected proofs should be emailed after scanning or faxed to the publisher within 5days of receipt.

1. Covering letter
2. Undertaking by Authors signed by all authors
3. Copyright Transfer Agreement Form signed by all authors
4. Three copies of manuscript with three sets of illustrations (one original & two copies)
5. Title page
• Title of manuscript
• Full name(s) and affiliations of author(s); institution(s) and city(ies) from which work originated
• Name, address, telephone, fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
• Running title
6. Abstract in structured format along with key words (on a separate sheet)
7. Article
8. Acknowledgment
9. References
Tables (on separate sheets)

Standard abbreviations to be used in IJMT
Ampere A
Angstrom Ao
anti meridiem (before noon) am
centimetre cm
counts per minute cpm
Curie Ci
gram g
gravity g
hour(s) h
intramuscular im
intraperitoneal ip
intravenous iv
kilogram kg
lethal dose-50 LD50
litre l
meta m
metre m
mg/100 ml mg/dl
microlitre ml
micrometre mm
Micromolar (mole/litre) mM
milli Ampere mA
milli molar (m mole/litre) mM
milligram mg
millilitre ml
millimeter mm
minute(s) min
Molar (mole/litre) M*
mole (quantity of substance) mol
nanometre nm
normal N
oral po
ortho o
para p
picometre pm
post meridiem (after noon) pm
rad rad
revolution per minute rpm
Roentgen R
second(s) sec
square centimetre cm2
subcutaneous sc
volume vol
volume ratio vol/vol
Watt W
week(s) wk
weight wt
weight per volume wt/vol
weight ratio wt/wt
year(s) yr